The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act signed by Donald Trump in December of 2017 has created one of the largest increases we have seen to the standard deduction. In total, the standard deduction amount will be raised to $12,000 for an individual filer, up from $6,500! This is an 84.62% increase that Americans will see when the changes are put into effect.
More specifically, beyond the $12,000 increase for individual filers, once the new law is in place, filers can deduct $18,000 as the head of household, and married filers have double the single amount totaling $24,000. These raised amounts are significant, and many tax professionals have a keen eye on the overall impact of raising the standard deduction and how much impact it will have on the overall economy and well-being of the country.
Standard Deduction Amount for 2022
If you claim the standard deduction, for the tax year 2022, the deduction for married couples filing jointly climbs to $25,900, up $800 from the previous year. The standard deduction for single taxpayers and married persons filing separately will increase by $400 to $12,950 in 2022, and the standard deduction for heads of households will increase by $600 to $19,400 in 2022.
Comparing Recent Changes to the Standard Deduction
In 2017 the standard deduction was $6,350 for individual filers, and in 2016 it was $6,300. Thus between 2016 and 2017, the standard deduction was raised only a mere $50 or 0.79% for individual filers. However, as we have mentioned, between 2017 to 2018, it was raised 84.62%!
For those mathematically inclined, the percentage increase for married filers deduction went up from $12,600 to $12,700, which represented an identical 0.78% increase, and from 2017 to 2018, you guessed it, the $11,300 increase for next year will represent an 84.62% increase.
Historically this is one of the largest changes to the standard deduction, with the other notable large increase happening under Ronald Reagan in the 1980s for his Tax Reform Act. Another interesting tidbit from history is that prior to World War 2, many Americans didn’t even pay Federal taxes. Following the war, lawmakers wanted to find a way to reduce the tax burden for low-income Americans. The Standard Deduction was passed to reduce the total number of people filing unilaterally.
How the Standard Deduction Works
When you file your taxes, you have the ability to reduce the total amount of money owed through a deduction. There are many situations that offer the ability for a deduction, including tax expenses, home mortgage expenses, dependent expenses, to name a few. When filing your taxes, you have the ability to submit either an itemized set of deductions or apply the standard deduction amount.
For example, let’s assume you are on track to make $50,000 for the tax year. Applying the standard deduction, which is currently $6,350, your tax burden would only be for $43,650. However, applying the federal tax bracket of 22%, you would owe approximately $9,603 in taxes.
Applying the standard deduction for low-income and filers with fairly simple tax situations makes the tax filing process less complicated and straightforward.
Additional Standard Deductions
If you are 65 or older, you can increase your standard deduction by $1,600. If you file jointly married, this amount will be $1,300 if one person is over 65 and $2,600 if both are over the age threshold.
For individuals that are legally blind, the standard deduction may be increased by $1,600, and similar to the age expansion, if you are filing married, that amount will be $1,300 for one individual who is blind and $2,600 if both filers are blind.
What Can Affect the Standard Deduction?
There are several situations that will affect your ability to use the standard deduction. For example, this would include that if you are claimed as a dependent by another tax filer, this limits the amount you can claim on the standard deduction significantly. In addition, for married filers, if one spouse is using itemized deductions, then the other cannot use the standard deduction.
How to Claim the Standard Deduction
Online tax software does all the hard work for you by identifying and claiming all these tax deductions, putting the numbers on the right tax forms, and then computing just how big your refund will be.
When you file online, you can expect the guided interface to help you throughout the entire process. There is literally no need for you to know about the complicated parts of taxes.
They ask you simple questions, and based on your answers, they guide you and fill out the correct tax forms so you get the right standard deduction amount.
If you haven’t received your W2 yet you can get your W2 online with the Free W2 search and import tool from TurboTax.